Implementation of the agenda

Digital Spain 2025 is supported by a governance model that incorporates all stakeholders that participate in its implementation. In addition, large part of the agenda’s policy measures are implemented through different sectoral strategies and policy plans that contribute to Spain's progress in key areas of digital transformation.

Governance model


Participating stakeholders

Digital Spain 2025 is a mission-oriented strategy that contributes to the country’s vision, one that requires the collaboration from every stakeholder involved in the implementation of its policy measures. To ensure DS25´s success, joining efforts and aligning commitments is key, as well as developing an effective coordination structure within the public administration, in addition to a participation structure that involves policy beneficiaries.
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More than 15 ministerial departments and public authorities, as well as over 25 economic and social stakeholders, were involved in drawing up this digital agenda.

Digital Transformation Advisory Council

The Digital Transformation Advisory Council has been created to facilitate appropriate dialogue and to enable cross-sectoral participation amongst the range of stakeholders involved in the country’s digital transition.

It contributes to communicate ED25’s policy measures, providing public policy recommendations in key areas, such as: telecommunications, digital infrastructures, audiovisual communication services, digitalization of the economy, public administrations and society itself, promotion and regulation of digital services, and overall, fostering a digital economy and society. The Council operates as a collegiate body with participation of public and private stakeholders

Nearly 80 social and economic stakeholders actively involved in the country´s digital transformation process participate in this Council. The Council consists of a plenary assembly that meets annually, and two standing committees to address specific priorities and policy measures of the agenda: (1) Standing Committee on Telecommunications, Digital Infrastructures, Connectivity and Audiovisual Sector; and (2) Standing Committee on the Digitalization of the Economy, Public Administrations and Society.

1. Standing Committee on Telecommunications, Digital Infrastructures, Connectivity and Audiovisual Sector
2. Standing Committee on the Digitalization of the Economy, Public Administrations, and Society

The governance architecture is assisted by the Advisory Council on Artificial Intelligence, a public–private board providing advice on the design and evaluation of AI policies in Spain, as well as in the generation of public awareness about these policies.


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The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation cooperates with all responsible entities and stakeholders involved in the implementation of sectoral plans that develop many of DS25’s policy measures, such as: the Digital Infrastructures and Connectivity Plan, the Strategy for the Promotion of 5G Technology, the National Plan for Digital Skills or the National Artificial Intelligence Strategy, among others.

The Ministry also convenes the appropriate inter-ministerial coordination committees with other departments and public entities of the State’s Administration. Coordination with other administrations, autonomous communities and local entities related to Digital Spain 2025 (DS25)’s implementation is carried out through the corresponding Sectoral Conferences.

The Digital Transformation Advisory Council meets in plenary at least once a year. Since the foundational meeting in October 2020, the Council has held two plenary meetings. Within them, advances of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan and other key initiatives for the digital transformation of the country have been shared and discussed.


Monitoring scheme

The National Observatory of Technology and Society (ONTSI) is responsible for monitoring and evaluating the implementation process of Digital Spain 2025 (DS25). To this end, it provides public information on the digital transformation to support the assessment and, where necessary, adjustment of the actions developed within the framework of the Digital Spain 2025 Agenda.


Plans and strategies implementing Digital Spain 2025 (DS2025)

Digital Spain 2025 (DS25) envisions the implementation of a set of structural reforms that will leverage a significant amount of public and private investment. Most of its policy measures and major reforms are articulated within the following 8 eight sectoral plans or strategies:


Digital Infrastructures and Connectivity Plan

The Digital Infrastructures and Connectivity Plan develops the first axis of the Digital Agenda (Digital Connectivity) and responds to one of its key objectives, in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): the use of connectivity and digitalization as key tools for bridging socio-economic, gender, generational and territorial digital divides. The Plan proposes 15 measures grouped into five lines of action, three vertical and two cross-cutting lines:

  1. Broadband extension to support territorial cohesion
  2. Business Connectivity
  3. Spain Data Hub
  4. Regulatory Reforms and Information Systems
  5. Improvement of Infrastructures
Plan de Conectividad Digital


Strategy for the promotion of 5G technology

A first turning point for the deployment of 5G in Spain was the approval of the "National 5G Plan (2018-20)", which aimed to place Spain amongst the most advanced countries in the development of this new technology. Thus, when 5G reaches technological and commercial maturity, Spain will be well placed to make the most of the opportunities brought by 5G. Against the backdrop of “Digital Spain 2025” and the “Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan”, the Strategy for the promotion of 5G technology" has been designed, including a set of actions around three axes:

  1. Enabled radio spectrum for 5G services
  2. Effective support for the deployment of 5G networks and services
  3. A dynamic regulatory and administrative framework for the deployment of 5G technology


National Plan for Digital Skills

The National Plan for Digital Skills was defined under the premise of the European Digital Strategy which recognizes the need to promote the deployment of digital technologies and thus foster a fair and competitive economy and a better quality of life for European citizens.

In line with Digital Spain 2025, it incorporates digital skills training among its 10 priority areas, with the aim to "strengthen the digital skills of working people and of all citizens" having set a target of 80% of the Spanish population with basic digital skills by 2025. In this context, the plan aims to promote learning and improvement of citizen’s digital skills, emphasizing those of the workforce, women and professionals within the ITC sector. It also seeks to close the current digital skills gap between Spanish citizens by providing a roadmap to identify policy measures that ensure digital inclusion and digital skills training for all citizens. The Plan sets out seven lines of action and 16 policy measures aimed at improving digital skills in 4 axes:

  1. Cross-cutting digital skills
  2. Digital transformation in education
  3. Digital skills for employment
  4. Digital specialists
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Plan for the Digitalization of Spain’s Public Administration: 2021-2025

The Plan is one of the key elements of Component 11 (Public Administration Modernization) of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan. It aims to improve the accessibility of public services to citizens and businesses, ensuring the protection of personal and business data. At the same time, it seeks to overcome the social and territorial digital gaps, while boosting the efficiency of public administrations through the digitalization of traction areas such as health, justice, consular services or territorial administration. The Plan relies on three strategic axes articulating 17 policy measures:

  1. Digital transformation of the General State Administration
  2. High-impact Projects within the Public Sector Digitalization Thrust
  3. Digital transformation and modernization of the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Function, and the Regional and Local Administrations
Plan de Digitalización de las Administraciones Públicas 2021-2025


SME Digitalization Plan 2021-2025

The SME Digitalization Plan is among the priorities of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan, the European strategies "Shaping Europe’s Digital Future" (Shaping Europe’s Digital Future) and the SME Strategy for a Sustainable and Digital Europe.

The Spanish economy is comprised, mainly, by small and medium-sized companies. The main goal of the Plan is to promote the digital transformation of SMEs, as well as providing business and management training with digital skills, increasing the productivity of Spanish companies, and their possibilities for growth and internationalization.

At the same time, the plan intends to articulate the necessary actions to mobilize public and private investment, in order to maximize the progress of businesses digitalization and reduce existing gender gaps.

The Plan is structured in five areas:

  1. Basic digitalization for SMEs
  2. Managing change
  3. Disruptive innovation and digital entrepreneurship
  4. Sector-by-sector support for digitalization
  5. Coordination, efficiency and reform
Plan de Digitalización de PYMES 2021-2025


Spain Entrepreneurial Nation Strategy

This strategy consists of a set of 50 key measures to be implemented by state departments with the goal of modernizing the production system and promoting quality job creation. The policy measures aim at achieving four goals: 

  1. Accelerating Spain’s growth
  2. Attracting, developing and retaining talent
  3. Promoting scalability 
  4. Articulating an entrepreneurial public sector 

The Spain Entrepreneurial Nation Strategy plays a fundamental role in the country’s economic and social transformation

Estrategia España Nación Emprendedora


Spain Audiovisual Hub of Europe

The Plan "Spain Audiovisual Hub of Europe" aims to boost the audiovisual sector and constitutes one of Digital Spain 2025 (ED2025)’s axes. Its goal is to turn Spain into the main audiovisual hub in Europe, through: 1) the reactivation of the audiovisual production industry; 2) foreign investment attraction; and 3) the creation of quality jobs. This Plan has set the goal of increasing audiovisual production by 30% in Spain by 2025.

This plan divides it policy measures within four pillars or priorities:

  1. Promotion and digitalization of audiovisual activities, promotion and internationalization and attraction of investment.
  2. Improvement of financial and fiscal instruments
  3. Availability of talent and development of human capital.
  4. Regulatory reforms and the removal of administrative barriers.
Plan de Impulso al Sector Audiovisual


National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence

The National Strategy on Artificial Intelligence (NSAI) is one of Digital Spain 2025 (ED2025)’s axes and one of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan’s components. Its main goal is to provide a framework for the development of inclusive, sustainable and human-centric artificial intelligence technologies. The NSAI amounts to 30 measures, articulated in 6 strategic axes:

  1. Promote scientific research, technological development and innovation in AI.
  2. Promote the development of digital skills, enhance national talent and attract global talent in artificial intelligence.
  3. Develop data platforms and technology infrastructures that support AI.
  4. Integrate AI into value chains to transform the economic fabric.
  5. Enhance the use of AI in public administration and in national strategic missions.
  6. Establish an ethical and normative framework to strengthen the protection of individual and collective rights to ensure social inclusion and welfare.
Estrategia Nacional de Inteligencia Artificial

ED2025 and the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan

The Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan is a country mission that outlines a roadmap to revamp the Spanish economy, to recover a streamline of economic growth and to create jobs. The latter towards achieving a resilient, solid and inclusive economic recovery in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis, and to better confront the challenges of the next decade.
The Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan displays an agenda of key investments and structural reforms, both articulated and embedded to feed each other and, ultimately, to achieve four cross-sectional goals: moving towards a greener Spain, digital, cohesive from the territorial and social point of view, and more fair. The Plan is structured along four main lines:  
Ecological transition
Digital transformation
Social and territorial cohesion
Gender equality

The second axis, digital transformation, goes in line with both Digital Spain 2025 (DS25) and the European digital strategy. It sets out a road map to accelerate a human-centric and inclusive digital transition in Spain through investments and reforms that enhance the infrastructures, skills and technologies needed for a digital economy and society. Given its cross-sectional nature, digital transformation permeates several of the initiatives of the Plan as a whole, such as the urban agenda, education, agriculture, tourism, industry, mobility, modernization of public administration, or the new economy.


The digital transition will be a central element of the transformation policies of the Spanish economic model that is being boosted by Next Generation EU funds and other European funds. The government has chosen this area as a priority because of its proven influence in the growth and modernization of the productive system. It is planned to dedicate about 30% of the economic resources of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan to enhance the country’s digital transformation.