Each year, the DESI country reports combine quantitative evidence from more than 30 indicators across those four dimensions of the index, with country-specific policy insights and best practices. This helps Member States identify those areas where priority action is needed, such as thematic chapters, which provide EU-wide analysis in the digital transformation domains.
DESI 2021 has been adjusted to reflect the two major policy initiatives set to have an impact on the digital transformation in the EU in the coming years: the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) and the Digital Decade Compass. Thus, in order to adapt the DESI to the four cardinal points and the objectives established in the framework of the Digital Compass, to improve the methodology and to take into account the latest technological and political advances, the structure of DESI has been adjusted. From this year onwards, the indicators are structured around the aforementioned four main areas of the EU’s Digital Decade.
Overview of Spain in the DESI
Improvement of the country in the four dimensions of analysis
In 2021 Spain has improved its score and exceeds the EU 27 average in each of the four dimensions that make up the DESI, with a positive evolution since 2016:
1. Human capital
The development of digital skills in citizens should be addressed by emphasizing the reduction of the gender gap and the increase of women working in the digital sector. Only 1.6% of women employed in Spain work in the ICT sector, compared to 5.6% of men, according to the Women in Digital Scoreboard 2021(WiD 2021), the scoreboard that studies the gender digital divide at European level, which is included in the DESI project.
Still, the country has been narrowing the digital divide between men and women in recent years. Spain currently ranks 8th on the WiD’s female human capital scoreboard, with 59 points, 6 above the European Union average.