Protection of Digital Rights

Spain was the first European country to guarantee a series of digital rights related to the internet through the Organic Law on Personal Data Protection and Guarantee of Digital Rights, approved in December 2018. The aim now is to ensure that the rights and freedoms we enjoy in our offline lives are equally protected in the online sphere, bringing cohesion to society, and closing the gaps it faces, including the territorial gap.

The Charter of Digital Rights, published in July 2021, despite not having a normative nature, formulates with up-to-date language the rights of citizenship and companies in the digital world, eliminating uncertainties about the interpretation of certain principles and ensuring the availability of the necessary resources so that all people can fully develop in a digital world.

Following its publication, the aim is to continue disseminating and raising awareness of its principles, as well as monitoring and promoting its integration into the application and interpretation of the Spanish regulatory framework. This will be aided by the implementation of the Digital Rights Observatory, supported by the Hermes Institute for Digital Rights. Also, through the funds of the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism, progress continues to be made in the modernization of the Public Employment Service, which will make it as easy as possible for people in this area.

In addition, the Charter contributes significantly to the processes of reflection that are taking place at the European level and seek to lead an essential process at the global level to ensure a humanist digitalization, which puts people at the center.

Spain, aligned with the objective of making the country a benchmark for humanistic digital transformation, will work to promote the principles and rights recognized in the proposed European Declaration on Digital Rights and Principles, once approved.

Carta de Derechos Digitales
Apretón de manos


To recognize the challenges of application and interpretation, as well as to suggest principles and policies related to them.
Disseminate and raise awareness of the principles of the Charter, as well as monitor and promote its integration into the Spanish regulatory framework.
To lead an essential process to guarantee a humanist digitalization.
Promote the principles and rights recognized in the proposed European Declaration on Digital Rights and Principles.


La Carta de Derechos Digitales, publicada en julio de 2021, formula con un lenguaje actual los derechos de ciudadanía y empresas en el mundo digital. Así, elimina incertidumbres sobre la interpretación de determinados principios y garantiza la disponibilidad de los recursos necesarios para que todas las personas puedan desarrollarse plenamente en un mundo digital. Se se concibe como hoja de ruta para la acción de los poderes públicos, y pretende servir de guía para futuros proyectos legislativos en ámbitos de derechos digitales de la ciudadanía.

Responsible entity
Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital

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